Guimaraes is considered the “cradle city” of Portugal. Located in the north of the country, less than 1 hour by car from Porto, it is one of the most important historic Portuguese cities.
Guimaraes, historic city
Full of well-preserved medieval buildings, including the castle of Guimarães and the medieval wall, the historic center of Guimarães has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2001. With a harmonious mix of these buildings with charming cafes and restaurants, walking through the streets of the center is truly enchanting.
It is said to be in here that, in 1128, the battle of São Mamede took place, between the Portucalense County of Afonso Henriques and the troops of the Kingdom of Leão. The victory was decisive for the foundation of the Kingdom of Portugal.
Dom Afonso Henriques – From Guimaraes to King of Portugal
Known as “O Conquistador”, legend has it that it was in Guimaraes that D. Afonso Henriques was born, the mas that in 1179 would be officially crowned, by the Pope, the first King of Portugal, reigning until his death in 1185. Afonso Henriques, after his victory at the Battle of S. Mamede, continued his conquests against the Moors. Conquered Lisbon in 1147 and pushed the borders further south to the Alentejo, more than doubling the lands he had inherited.